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English Language and Literature Citation & Referencing

This subject guide highlights the key resources and services that are most relevant to your studies.

APA Citation Style 7th ed.

Why Should I Cite Resources?

  • To respect the copyrights of the writer from whom you have borowed your ideas

  • To make your writing more persuasive

  • To allow other users to trace the sources of information you have used

  • To validate your arguments

  • To help preventing plagiarism

When to Cite

  • Whenever you use quotes

  • Whenever you paraphrase

  • Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed

  • Whenever you make specific reference to the work of another

  •  Whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas

APA Citation Style

Citation Managers

Here is a list of online reference managers that you can use to gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies. 

EndNote Web (Basic) (online registration is necessary)

RefWorks (online registration is necessary)

Citavi (free download)

Zotero (free download)


Citation Generators

Citation Machine
Citation Machine is a free site that automatically produces MLA, APA, Turabian or Chicago style citations for a variety of sources (but not bibliographies). Users can copy and paste citations into Word. It was developed by David Warlick, an educator.

What is the Difference between Citation, Reference list & Bibliography?

  • Citation:

A reference made in the text to a source of information. This can be in the form of a direct quotation, summarising or paraphrasing.

  • References list:

An organised listing of the works cited in the text, placed at the end of the document.

  • Bibliography:

A full listing of all material consulted in relation to the research, including any source material not directly cited in the text, placed at the end of the document.

What Do We Mean by Citation & Referencing?

  • Citation:

Is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:

  • Information about the author
  • Title of the work
  • Name and location of the company that published your copy of the source
  • Date your copy was published
  • Page numbers of the material you are borrowing

  • Referencing

Is an essential part of academic writing. Its purpose is to acknowledge the original source of ideas and work that is not the author’s own, and to point the reader to the original documents so that they can determine independently whether the attributed sources support the author’s argument as written.

Avoiding Plagiarism

Plagiarism, the act of using others' words / ideas without clearly acknowledging the source of that information & claiming them as your own; this may lead to fail in your course

In order to avoid that:

Watch this.!

Turnitin is an effective tool used for displaying the similar text within the submitted papers & will help students to develop their writing by using their own words rather than quoting or copying & pasting

Please refer to our Turnitin helping page

Tags: Drama, English, English Literature, Linguistics, Translation

Subjects: English Language and Literature