Figures: anything included in your document that isn't a text or a table such as: graphs, photographs, illustrations and charts.
General rules when dealing with figures:
A) The first option is to place all figures on separate pages after the reference list.
B) The second option is to embed each figure within the text.
The caption should include:
Figure 1 shows that..
As can be seen in Figure 2…
5. If you reproduce or adapt a figure from another source (e.g., an image you found on the internet), you should include a copyright attribution in the figure note, indicating the origin of the reproduced or adapted material, in addition to a reference list entry for the work. Include a permission statement (Reprinted or adapted with permission) only if you have sought and obtained permission to reproduce or adapt material in your figure. A permission statement is not required for material in the public domain or openly licensed material.
If the picture is your own, then there is no need to include a citation or a reference, but you need to use a caption.
The caption includes:
The BUE Library
An image of the BUE library's entrance. 2021
When you want to refer to it you just refer to it by its figure number.
Figure 1 shows that ……
As mentioned in Figure 1 ……
1- From the Internet:
Artist/Owner & Artist/Owner (if there is more than one owner). (Year). Title (or Description of it if there is no title) [format e.g: image, photograph etc.]. Retrieved from –insert url here-
Figure 2. The Mona Lisa. (Leonardo da Vinci, 1503)
Reference list: Leonardo da Vinci. (1503-19). The Mona Lisa. [Image]. Retrieved from Encyclopedia Britannica https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mona-Lisa-painting
2- Citing images and figures from books and articles:
Treat figures taken from a book chapter or a journal article the same as you would to direct quotes.
Put the in-text citation in the image caption between brackets including:
(Author/Owner, year of publishing, page number)
And then add the reference in the reference list. You can use the cite option in the Search-in-all to get the reference of the book you're taking the figure from.
Figure 3. Advisory arts committee members. (National Art Council, 2019, p. 26)
Reference list: Sarah Jennings. (2019). Art and Politics : The History of the National Arts Centre, Second Edition: Vol. Second edition. McGill-Queen’s University Press.
There is a difference between using an image made by someone else in your presentation or assignment and using it in a published work such as: a thesis, a dissertation, an exegesis, or other published work.
1- Figures reproduced or adapted from journal articles:
For the caption use the following format:
Figure number. Descriptive note. Reprinted [Or adapted] from "Title of article", by "Author –and author- (in case there are two authors), year, journal title, volume (issue), page number. Copyright year by name of copyright holder.
Note: the Journal title and volume are written in italic.
For the reference list use the default format for articles.
Figure 4. Student's study space. Reprinted from "Graduate conversations: Assessing the space needs of graduate students" by K. Kinsley, R. Besara, A. Scheel, G. Colvin, J.E. Brady, & M. Burel, M., 2015, College & Research Libraries, 76(6), 756-770. Copyright 2015 by Kirsten Kinsley, Rachel Besara, Abby Scheel, Gloria Colvin, Jessica Evans Brady, and Melissa Burel, Attribution-NonCommercial (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) CC BY-NC.
The reference list:
Kinsley, K., Besara, R., Scheel, A., Colvin, G., Brady, J. E., & Burel, M. (2015). Graduate conversations: Assessing the space needs of graduate students. College & Research Libraries, 76(6), 756-770. doi:10.5860/crl.76.6.756
2- Figures reproduced or adapted from books/book chapters:
Use the following format for the caption:
Figure 1. Descriptive note. Reprinted [or Adapted] from Title of book, (p. xx), by A. Author and B. Author, year, Place of publication: Publisher. Copyright year by name of Copyright Holder.
Note: the book title is in italic.
For the reference list use the default citation format.
In the caption:
Figure 5. Pictorial representation of the container system for MLA referencing. Reprinted from MLA Handbook (8th ed., p. 32), by K. Fitzpatrick, 2016, New York, NY: Modern Languages Association of America. Copyright 2016 by the Modern Languages Association of America.
In the reference list:
Fitzpatrick, K. (2016). MLA Handbook (8th ed.). New York, NY: Modern Languages Association of America.
3- Figures reproduced or adapted from Web pages/online documents:
Use the following caption format:
Figure #. Descriptive note. Reprinted [or Adapted] from "Title of web page", by A. Author and B. Author, year, Retrieved from URL. Copyright year by name of Copyright Holder.
Figure #. Descriptive note. Reprinted [or Adapted] from Title of web document, by A. Author and B. Author, year, Retrieved from URL. Copyright year by name of Copyright Holder.
Figure 6. Tawny Frogmouth. Reprinted from "Tawny frogmouth whole body", Benjamint444, 2008, Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frogmouth#/media/File:Tawny_frogmouth_wholebody444.jpg. Copyright 2008 by Benjamint444 CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)
The reference list:
Benjamint444. (2008). Tawny frogmouth whole body [Image]. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frogmouth#/media/File:Tawny_frogmouth_wholebody444.jpg
American Psychological Association. (2019, September). Sample figures. American Psychological Association. Retrieved October 31, 2021, from https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/tables-figures/sample-figures.
Auckland University. (n.d.). APA 7th referencing style guide: Figures (graphs and images). Library Guides. Retrieved October 31, 2021, from https://aut.ac.nz.libguides.com/APA7th/figures.